Clearing Up the Confusion on ADHD & Autism
Recently, I have heard about some confusion regarding diagnostic information on ADHD and Autism. For example, several people have asked me about Level 4 for autism and assumptions that all children with ADHD present in the same way.
Here is the REAL DEAL on ADHD -
There are 3 types of diagnostic presentations for ADHD.
- Predominantly inattentive presentation
- Predominately hyperactive/impulsive presentation
- Combined presentation (meets criteria for both inattentive type and hyperactive/impulsive type
There are three types of severity for ADHD.
- Mild: "...symptoms result in no more than minor impairments in social or occupational functioning."
- Moderate: "Symptoms or functional impairment between "mild" and "severe" are present."
- Severe: "Many symptoms in excess of those required to make the diagnosis, or several symptoms that are particularly severe, are present, or the symptoms result in marked impairment in social or occupational functioning."
Here is the REAL DEAL on severity levels for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The severity levels are based on the support needed in social communication and how significantly restricted/repetitive behaviors interfere with functioning.
Level 1 - Requiring support
Level 2 - Requiring substantial support
Level 3 - Requiring very substantial support
PS - There is no level 4.
The diagnostic information above was taken from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition by the American Psychiatric Association (2013).
PS- I recommend that ONLY QUALIFIED PROVIDERS with training and experience in Autism and ADHD provide diagnoses.
I hope you find this information valuable!